From a Pattern Language to a Pattern Ontology Approach for CSCL Script Desig

Authors.
Jonathan Chacón, Davinia Hernandez-Leo, Josep Blat.
Information and Communication Technologies Department, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Published in:
ICCSA 2011 Computational Science and Its Applications

Abstract:
Collaborative activities, in which students actively interact with each other, have proved to provide significant learning benefits. In Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL), these collaborative activities are assisted by technologies. However, the use of computers does not guarantee collaboration, as free collaboration does not necessary lead to fruitful learning. Therefore, practitioners need to design CSCL scripts that structure the collaborative settings so that they promote learning. However, not all teachers have the technical and pedagogical background needed to design such scripts. With the aim of assisting teachers in designing effective CSCL scripts, we propose a model to support the selection of reusable good practices (formulated as patterns) so that they can be used as a starting point for their own designs. This model is based on a pattern ontology that computationally represents the knowledge captured on a pattern language for the design of CSCL scripts. A preliminary evaluation of the proposed approach is provided with two examples based on a set of meaningful interrelated patters computationally represented with the pattern ontology, and a paper prototyping experience carried out with two teaches. The results offer interesting insights towards the implementation of the pattern ontology in software tools.

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Citation:
Jonathan Chacón, Davinia Hernandez-Leo, Josep Blat: From a Pattern Language to a Pattern Ontology. Approach for CSCL Script Design. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications. Santander, España, p. 543.